A certain evolution: A phenomenological study of 247 BDSM and negotiating consent

A certain evolution: A phenomenological study of 24/7 BDSM and negotiating consent

A certain evolution: A phenomenological study of 247 BDSM and negotiating consent

A certain evolution: A phenomenological study of 24/7 BDSM and negotiating consent

Abstract

BDSM as a full-time lifestyle is stigmatised and underexamined as a phenomenon. Previous studies have investigated 247 sadomasochism (SM), 247 dominance and submission (D/s), or total power exchange (TPE), yet 247 BDSM remains under researched. Using a social constructionist and sexual diversity framework, we used insider knowledge to recruit four participants: a female slave/masochist, a male sadist, a female submissive, and a male dominant/protector. Interpretative phenomenological analysis revealed four superordinate and 10 subordinate themes: routes towards the fundamentals (sexually explicit resources, kink-related experiences), full-on lifestyle (self-in-role, flexible rules, shades of play, polyamory), dynamic consent (honesty, contextual communication), and practicalities (challenges, benefits). Our findings suggested that 247 BDSM is a socially constructed, consensual, full-time adherence to kink-related roles and behaviours untethered to time-limited scenes, woven into other life domains, and operating as an umbrella term to encompass other perpetual power dynamics. The themes contribute to the debate of kink as a sexual identity or serious leisure. We concluded that the centrality of self-in-role coupled with leisure features support 247 BDSM as an erotic lifestyle. Implications for sexual diversity, sex education, clinical guidelines, and social justice are discussed.

Publication
Psychology & Sexuality
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Cory J. Cascalheira
Doctoral Researcher in Counseling Psychology

Research interests include oppression, resilience, and resistance among marginalized populations, especially sexual and gender minorities, with attention to addiction, compulsive behaviors, well-being, internalization processes, and sexual subcultures (e.g., BDSM, kink). Clinical interests include mindfulness, ACT, RCT, and interpersonal process.